During the beyond 250 years, we have seen numerous milestone inventions in our endeavors to gain ground against cancer, a burden known to mankind for millennia.
This course of events shows a couple of key achievements throughout the entire existence of cancer research.
1775: Chimney Soot & Squamous Cell Carcinoma
1863: Inflammation & Cancer
1882: The First Radical Mastectomy to Treat Breast Cancer
1886: Inheritance of Cancer Risk
1895: The First X-Ray
1898: Radium & Polonium
1902: Cancer Tumors & Single Cells with Chromosome Damage
1903: The First Use of Radiation Therapy to Cure Cancer
1909: Immune Surveillance
1911: Cancer in Chickens
1915: Cancer in Rabbits
1928: The Pap Smear
1932: The Modified Radical Mastectomy for Breast Cancer
1937: The National Cancer Institute (NCI)
1937: Breast-Sparing Surgery Followed by Radiation
1941: Hormonal Therapy
1949: Nitrogen Mustard
1950: Cigarette Smoking & Lung Cancer
1953: The First Complete Cure of a Human Solid Tumor
1958: Combination Chemotherapy
1960: The Philadelphia Chromosome
1964: A Focus on Cigarette Smoking
1964: The Epstein-Barr virus
1971: The National Cancer Act
1976: The DNA of Normal Chicken Cells
1979: The TP53 Gene
1984: HER2 Gene Discovered
1984: HPV 16 & 18
1985: Breast-Conserving Surgery
1986: HER2 Oncogene Cloning
1993: Guaiac Fecal Occult Blood Testing (FOBT)
1994: BRCA1 Tumor Suppressor Gene Cloning
1995: BRCA2 Tumor Suppressor Gene Cloning
1998: NCI-Sponsored Breast Cancer Prevention Trial
2001: Imatinib Mesylate
2003: NCI-Sponsored Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT)
2006: NCI’s Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene (STAR)
2010: The First Human Cancer Treatment Vaccine
2010: NCI-Sponsored Lung Cancer Screening Trial (NLST)
2012: NCI-Sponsored PLCO Cancer Screening Trial
2013: Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansine (T-DM1)
2014: Analyzing DNA in Cancer
2014: Gardasil 9
2015: NCI-MATCH Clinical Trial
2015: Talimogene Laherparepvec
2016: Cancer Moonshot℠
2017: Pediatric MATCH
2017: CAR T-Cell Therapies
2017: Tumor-Agnostic Approval for Pembrolizumab
2017: Genomic Profiling Tests
2018: TCGA PanCancer Atlas
2018: NCI-Sponsored TAILORx Clinical Trial
2020: International Pan-Cancer Analysis of Whole Genomes
Finding out that you or a loved one has been diagnosed with cancer can be one of the scariest moments of your life.
It can be hard to be optimistic. However, new technological developments in cancer treatment are helping more and more people to treat their cancer effectively and live longer, more fulfilling and healthier lives than ever before.
Following are some advanced technologies used in cancer treatment:
One of the best examples of new technology in cancer treatment is a new procedure called ChemoID.
With ChemoID, doctors take small samples from a patient’s tumor.
ChemoIDs can also help patients save huge amounts of money that would be wasted on drugs that don’t help them much.
Intensely Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) is a special type of radiation therapy that uses a linear accelerator platform.
In IMRT, a computer-controlled linear accelerator directs a high dose of radiation in a controlled and appropriate volume and size at the patient’s tumor.
Another new technology in cancer treatment is image-guided radiation therapy (IMGT), which also uses linear accelerators.
IMGT allows for more precise radiation treatment because it uses technology that can detect the size and shape of tumors in the body.
Three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy uses a device called a boar CT simulator that helps oncologists quickly create a three-dimensional map of the tumor and surrounding tissue.
Another technology, called high-dose brachytherapy, uses a catheter to direct radiation to cancer cells, allowing a direct dose to the tumor.